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Do you see that smile? One flash of her bright smile and Christina will ease all your apprehension. Christina and Dr. Weinberger make a great team, together they will be certain to attend to all of your dental needs.  While she may be a bit quiet at first you will be pleasantly surprised by her friendly nature once you meet her!


Christina is a cheerful, easy going young lady and her interests are vast. They range  from a nice quiet ride in the country, time on the beach to some more upbeat activities such as dancing and hanging with her family and friends.

Christina has much in common with us all. She is proud to wear many different hats from Daughter, Sister, Aunt and favorite Godmother to her role as your Dental Assistant.


Karen joined us in March 2014. She will be your first point of contact at our office. Karen is here to welcome you and assist with scheduling your appointments, billing or insurance questions.

Karen brings her many years of experience in customer service and satisfaction to our practice. Karen’s philosophy of always going the extra mile is a perfect fit for our practice.

Karen is a Mother of 5 and a proud  Grandmother of 2 amazing boys. Be sure to bring your family pictures in to share with her, she will be thrilled to share hers too! She told us that, “I love spending time with my babies, but most of all I love spending time with my family and am so glad that it includes Dr. Weinberger and his family too”.


One busy lady when she’s not at the Dental office she can be found doing chocolate parties, Managing her chocolate team, playing poker or traveling.karen azzarello

Teeth whitening is not a single, one-time, or a permanent process. If you see yourself eating substantial amounts of teeth-staining food and drink, then your teeth will start staining within a month or so. Even if you avoid such food or drinks, then within a year or thereabouts, you will require a follow-up teeth whitening procedure or at the least, a touch-up.

So here are a few tips and tricks that will help you keep your teeth as white as possible for the longest period of time…

- Obviously, avoid food and rinks that stain the teeth. Avoid black tea, strong coffee, etc and if you must drink them, then use a straw. This will pass the liquid directly into the gullet, by-passing the teeth. This way, you can have your cake and eat it too.

- Feel free to brush and floss immediately after you consume such beverages and food. Sometimes, that’s not possible. So at very least, rinse and gargle after you consume teeth staining food and beverages. If you are at a restaurant or a party and are unable to gargle, do so the moment you get home.

- Daily and regular oral hygiene is critical. Brush your teeth twice a day, floss at least once or better still, twice daily. Not only will you clear the gunk out, you will also keep your teeth white and healthy.

- Use a teeth whitening toothpaste once or twice a week – Ask your dentist and follow-up on the touch-up treatments.

Teeth whitening is a process of lightening or changing the color of your teeth. A few of the options are listed below in case you wish to undergo a teeth whitening procedure-

- Teeth Whitening Toothpastes: These toothpastes help lighten the color of your teeth by about a shade or two. Such toothpastes contain chemical agents that gently polish the enamel and remove stains. These toothpastes can be purchased over-the counter from your local drug store or they can be ordered online.

- Teeth Whitening Strips: These are thin invisible strips that are covered with a teeth whitening gel. Use strips for one two hours several nights a week and you will be able to see the difference that these peroxide-based strips make on the color of your teeth. The results should last approximately for four months and it expenses range between $10.00-$60.00.

- Teeth Whitening Gels: Apply these gels with a brush directly to your teeth twice daily for about a week. The effects of these clear peroxide-based gels last for about 4 months and costs range between $15 – $20.

- Teeth Whitening by a Dentist: Dentists use different types of tray-based procedures in which they apply a light to the gel on your teeth. This improves the teeth color between three and eight shades. This approach is the most effective out of the approaches listed above. This also removes stubborn stains deep in the tooth and can cost up to $800.

There are a few risks involved in the process of teeth whitening, however it may result in temporary teeth sensitivity and is most common in the early stages of the whitening process.

In most cases, an improperly fitted mouthpiece tray  is responsible for the irritation of the soft tissues. But both these conditions and discomfort do not persist for long and last only for  one to three days after the completion of the treatment.

In case of acute sensitivity one can follow a few simple measures to reduce or get rid of the teeth whitening risks. Firstly, the mouth tray can be used for a shorter period of time for example, instead of two 60 minute sessions it can be worn for two 30 minutes sessions. Again, the process can be stopped for a few days to allow the teeth to get adjusted to the teeth whitening treatment.

Moreover, the dentist or the pharmacist can be asked to prescribe a product containing high fluoride to restore the mineral content of the teeth. This product should be applied to the tray and to be worn for four minutes before starting the whitening process.

Lastly, brushing the teeth with toothpaste meant for sensitive teeth containing potassium nitrate helps soothe the nerve ends of the teeth. Such steps might alleviate the teeth whitening risks and irritations to some degree.

You’ll be surprised to know that you can whiten your teeth naturally, without the use of artificial cleansers and man-made chemicals. In fact, in the Elizabethan era, about 400 years ago, almost everyone took care of their teeth with natural remedies. Back then, they didn’t have access to tooth gels, tooth pastes or dentists. Hence, each one was their own dentist as they took good oral care through natural remedies.

If you were rich, then a mixture of honey, vinegar, and wine was the ultimate tooth cleanser for you. Even now, you can apply this regularly and see the difference for yourself. A few centuries ago, an old rag with salt and water was also used to whiten teeth. You might be shocked to know that in ancient times, human urine was used as a tooth whitening product!

To avoid the need of whitening your teeth you can also take preventive measures. It is seen that teeth become yellow with age. With diet playing a pivotal role in determining your teeth shades. Some of the things that you will want to avoid include coffee, smoking, and tea. Although you may not realize it, one of the worst things for your teeth is chips and wafers.

Sometimes yellowing of your teeth may also be hereditary. However, rinsing your mouth with a 75% lemon juice and 25% salt solution is known to work wonders for teeth whitening. Some of the best foods and drinks that will prevent bacteria from forming include celery and straight cranberry juice. Believe it or not, dark chocolate also reduces the amount of bacteria that can be found in one’s mouth. So next time you see your teeth turning yellowish you need not shell out those bucks for your teeth whitening appointment.

For your convenience, please feel free to print and fill out the corresponding new patient forms prior to your first visit.

Here at Bordentown Family Dentist we care for the entire patient, not just their teeth.  We know that you are much more than your teeth and are happy to assist you with the kind of quality dental care which will improve your total overall health.  If you have a question regarding your oral health you may be able to find insight within our patient education articles.  We have a variety of articles regarding oral health topics that may be very beneficial to you and your well-being.  However, if you have any questions or concerns please do not hesitate to call our office at (609) 298-1238. Continue reading “” »

Fear of pain is the main reason people avoid seeing the dentist. The good news is that there is a wide array of medications and techniques – used alone or in combination – that can reduce or eliminate pain and control anxiety during most procedures.

Continue reading “Controlling Dental Pain” »

Burning Mouth Syndrome, or BMS, is a complex problem that involves mouth, lip, and tongue discomfort. Most cases of BMS occur in adults who are middle-aged or older, but it can occur at any age. The key symptom of BMS is a burning sensation on the tongue, lips, throat, gums or palate. Many people report a sensation in their mouth as though it has been in contact with scalding water. Some people with BMS also report a soreness or a metallic taste in the mouth.

The exact cause of BMS remains uncertain, and researchers have proposed a range of possible causes including changes associated with menopause, nutrition deficiencies, damaged nerves and oral infections such as oral thrush. Some people report that their burning mouth pain persists for years.

Fortunately, many people with BMS can find some relief by working with a doctor or dentist to pinpoint the cause of their case of BMS and then treating those symptoms. For example, if your doctor or dentist determines that your BMS may be due to oral thrush, treatment with an antifungal medication may relieve the problem. If nutrition deficiency or psychological factors are the causes, then vitamin supplements or anxiety medication may be the answers.

Some cases of BMS are caused by vitamin deficiency anemia, which can cause changes in the appearance of the tongue if left untreated. No matter how you developed BMS or how you treat it, be sure to follow a regular oral care routine of twice daily tooth brushing and daily flossing to keep your mouth as healthy as possible. Avoid alcohol-based mouth rinses, as they they can irritate the condition.

Medications As The Major Cause Of Dry Mouth

If you suddenly experience symptoms of dry mouth, it may be because you’ve started taking a certain type of medication. Medications are a major cause of dry mouth. In fact, medications cause approximately 90 percent of all cases of dry mouth, according to the Academy of General Dentistry.

You may not be able to discontinue your medication, but you should keep your dentist informed when something in your overall health changes and you start taking medication.

For example, antidepressants, antihistamines, anti-inflammatories and anti-hypertensive medications are just some of the many types of drugs that can contribute to a dry mouth. In addition, chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, kidney disease, or lupus and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, can also cause it.

Even stress and anxiety can contribute to dry mouth, as can the medications you might take for them. It is important to communicate with your dentist about issues concerning your overall health because anything that increases your risk for dry mouth also increases your risk for gum disease. Your dentist or dental hygienist may advise you to pay special attention to your daily oral care routine, and to schedule an additional dental cleaning during a time of increased risk, such as during pregnancy or before starting chemotherapy.

If your dry mouth is persistent and severe, talk to your doctor about whether you can reduce the dose of the medication that is causing the problem, or possibly switch to a different medication. Everyone responds differently to medications, so switching to another drug that serves the same purpose may yield the same benefits with less dry mouth.

Tooth sensitivity is among the common causes of a toothache. The phrase “tooth sensitivity” refers to tooth discomfort or feelings of toothache in one or more teeth. The pain of tooth sensitivity is usually sharp, sudden and shooting. Tooth sensitivity occurs when the layer of a tooth underneath the enamel (called the dentin) or the layer covering the root (called cementum) is exposed along the gum line due to receding gums. The exposed areas respond to hot and cold, and sometimes to sweet and spicy foods, and trigger pain.

The causes of tooth sensitivity vary, and if you have sensitive teeth, it may be due to several of these factors:

  • Overzealous brushing. You can have too much of a good thing. Brushing your teeth with too much force, or with a hard-bristle toothbrush, may wear down tooth enamel, expose the cementum or dentin and cause tooth sensitivity.
  • Gum disease. Inflamed gum tissue pulls away from the tooth, leaving vulnerable areas exposed.
  • Tooth grinding. Grinding your teeth can cause the enamel to wear away and leave the dentin exposed.

If you have sensitive teeth, don’t neglect your daily oral care routine. Just be sure to use a soft toothbrush and soft floss. You can also try a toothpaste designed for sensitive teeth. Several brands are available, and you should notice some improvement with regular use of any of them. Also, try spreading some sensitizing toothpaste along the exposed cementum or dentin area before bed to help reduce sensitivity. Just use your fingertip or a cotton swab to rub the toothpaste directly onto the exposed spot.

Toothaches have many causes, from gum disease to jaw clenching, but tooth root sensitivity can also cause a tooth to ache.

The tooth root includes the lower two-thirds of the tooth, and it is usually buried in the jawbone. But when gum disease develops, the bacteria that cause the disease can also dissolve the bone around the tooth root. The combination of dissolved bone and receding gums means that more of the tooth root is exposed. Without protection from healthy gums and healthy bone, the root often becomes sensitive to hot and cold and to sour foods. In some cases, the sensitivity is so severe that you may avoid very hot, cold or sour foods.

If the root exposure is not severe, try using a special toothpaste formulated for sensitive teeth that contains fluoride and other minerals. The extra fluoride and minerals will help to strengthen the exposed root and make it less sensitive.

The best way to manage root sensitivity and to prevent gum disease with a consistent oral health care program of twice-daily toothbrushing and daily flossing. Try a soft bristle toothbrush to avoid irritating your gums, which can increase the risk of root exposure and sensitivity.

Tooth decay is a process that involves a balance of the mineral loss and replacement in a tooth over time in response to daily acid attacks resulting from food consumption. Cavities and the decay process can be prevented by working closely with your dental professional and following his or her plan for you. Eating the proper foods at the right time during meals and avoiding foods or snacks between meals can also help reduce your risk. And brushing your teeth with a fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day is a critical step toward balancing the “tug-of-war” on your tooth surfaces and preventing the tooth decay process from continuing to become cavities. Let’s examine this process.

What Is Tooth Decay?

The formation of dental caries, or “cavities”, involves three major factors:

  • Food or beverages consumed (your diet)
  • Bacteria in plaque
  • Your current state of oral health

Bacteria interacts with the food you eat to produce waste products in the form of acids, which cause a breakdown or demineralization of areas underneath the tooth surface. This breakdown of the tooth surface is tooth decay.

Think of it this way: Each time you eat, there’s an acid attack on the tooth. A counterattack by your body occurs by rinsing the food and acid away with saliva. The saliva not only buffers or neutralizes the acids, it also contains minerals (calcium and phosphate) that rebuild the areas of the tooth that were demineralized or attacked by the acids. This rebuilding process is known as remineralization. This series of attacking and rebuilding is like a tug-of-war in your mouth. It’s your body’s way of helping protect your teeth from everyday problems. But by fully understanding the cause of dental cavities, and by looking at each of the three factors more closely, we can look at other ways of preventing tooth decay.

Food And Beverages

Foods and beverages that are consumed for prolonged periods of time between meals can tip the balance of remineralization/demineralization in favor of the decay process. Sticky foods, such as caramels and raisins, should be avoided as between-meal snacks, because the acid attack becomes too much for the saliva to prevent and repair. Eating these same foods during a meal, however, allows for the tug-of-war to be a winning situation for a person and their teeth.

If children are allowed to fall asleep with a baby bottle, or if they’re given the bottle to carry around with them, and the liquid, whether it be milk, fruit juices or other drinks, can be used by the bacteria to produce acids, and tooth decay can rapidly occur. This is often known as “baby bottle tooth decay”.

To help prevent tooth decay, limit your intake of sugary, sticky foods and sweetened beverages between meals.

Bacteria In Plaque

The plaque bacteria on your teeth should be removed by brushing at least twice a day and flossing once a day. Usually, a clean tooth can stay healthy. Certain bacteria are more likely to cause decay because they can use the sugars and starches you eat better than others. Bacteria called streptococci mutans and lactobacillus are two types of these culprits. We all have small amounts of these types of bacteria in our mouths, but sometimes they may be present in higher levels. In those situations, you would be at higher risk for tooth decay or more likely to lose the tug-of-war. Your dental team may use a sample of your saliva to measure levels of these bacteria.

Your Current State Of Oral Health

The third primary part of the tooth decay situation is your teeth and mouth. This includes everything from the way the teeth are shaped, formed and positioned, to your saliva, dental treatment and oral health habits. Your saliva is very important in many ways, including slowing the loss of mineral from the teeth and replacing it in the remineralization process. But sometimes, certain conditions or medication change the amount and type of saliva in your mouth, allowing the tooth decay process to progress all the way to cavities.

Way To Help Prevent Tooth Decay

Sealants: The deep grooves and pits in some teeth, such as molars, can also be trouble spots for decay. One way to prevent this type of decay is to have your dental team paint a shaded plastic material called a pit and fissure sealant on these areas. Once the sealant hardens, it acts as a barrier protecting the tooth surface from plaque and acids.

Fluoride Supplements: Fluorides also play a significant role in preventing decay. By adding fluoride to your water or including a fluoride rinse in your daily oral routine, you can help better protect your teeth from cavities and bacteria. Fluoride supplements are also available and can help keep your mouth clean and healthy.

Fluoride Toothpaste: One of the best ways to prevent mineral loss from the tooth or demineralization and help the replacement process or remineralization is by using toothpaste that contains fluoride. A small amount used daily helps balance the tug-of-war situation in your favor. Many scientific studies over a long period of time have proven this to be one of the most effective ways to prevent tooth decay. Brand new advances in toothpaste technology have made this even better by including antibacterial components, such as the tin in stannous fluoride.

Article Index

Are You Grinding Your Teeth at Night?

Dental Care During Pregnancy

Feeling Confident in Dentures

Beat Your Bad Breathe

How to Brush Your Teeth

About Flossing

Toothache Causes

Home Toothache Remedies

Dealing with fear and anxiety

How to Prevent Tooth Decay

All About Cavities

About Fillings

Gingivitis And Periodontal Disease


Do you need a root canal?


Cracked Teeth

Crowns and Bridges

Useful Information About Wisdom Teeth

We Love Our Neighbors!

Bruxism - Special treatments are available for bruxism.

We know what you’re thinking: brux what? Bruxism is simply the clinical term for teeth grinding. Teeth grinding can happen at night (sleep bruxism) or during the day. Sometimes it occurs in conjunction with jaw clenching. Telltale signs of bruxism include chronic headaches, earaches and jaw pain. Even worse, bruxism can wear down tooth enamel. What’s the cause of bruxism? The official verdict is still out. But most medical and dental professionals believe that stress or suppressed frustration and anger can provoke bruxism or sleep bruxism. Fortunately, there are ways to put an end to the grind. A little meditation or yoga can be great for stress relief. Dentists also offer many proven treatments for bruxism!

Continue reading “Are You Grinding Your Teeth at Night?” »

pregnant woman holding a mug

If you’re pregnant, your dentist needs to know about the first signs of gum disease symptoms. Pregnant women are at increased risk for periodontal disease because the increased levels of progesterone that come with pregnancy cause an exaggerated response to plaque bacteria. As a result, Continue reading “Dental Care During Pregnancy” »

grandmother and granddaughter

Dentures take some getting used to, but with a few simple strategies up your sleeve, you can feel confident all day long.

When you speak, the sound reaches your ears through vibrations in the bones of the jaw and skull. Wearing dentures changes and increases the sound, but this is much more noticeable to you than to anyone else. Continue reading “Feeling Confident in Dentures” »

woman with her hands over her mouth

What are Common Bad Breath Causes?

If you suffer from chronic, severe bad breath, also known as halitosis, it’s important to identify the cause so you can determine an effective treatment.

Halitosis has many causes, including the following: Continue reading “Beat Your Bad Breathe” »

Cavities can best be described as holes in your teeth that are usually caused by tooth decay.  As we all know, tooth decay is influenced by what we eat, how we take care of our teeth, and the amount of fluoride in our toothpaste.  If your family has a history of tooth disease or teeth problems you may be susceptible to inheriting them.  Passing tooth problems down from generation to generation are not uncommon.

Continue reading “All About Cavities” »

Brushing is something we all learn at an early age, however many do not realize that there are certain brushing techniques that will best promote the health of your teeth and gums. A proper brushing generally takes a minimum of two minutes, while many people tend to devote less than a minute to their brushing routine.  Using a timer set at two minutes will ensure proper brushing time.   When you brush your teeth, you should avoid using pressure but instead use short, gentle strokes, focusing on hard to reach places, eating surfaces, and your upper and lower gums especially the sulcus where your teeth and gums meet.

Continue reading “How to Brush Your Teeth” »

For many years, different cultures have relied on herbs to help control toothache pain and provide temporary relief. Natural herbs such as cloves, calendula, tarragon, and yarrow can be used to help relieve toothache pain until you can get to the dentist.

Continue reading “Home Toothache Remedies” »

Continue reading “Do you need a root canal?” »

If you’re afraid of going to the dentist, you should know that there are ways to quell dental anxiety and make your dental care experience a lot more tolerable.

Not many people really like going to the dentist. But for some people, the thought of going to the dentist can bring on such a fear that they avoid getting the dental care they need. In fact, nearly half of adults skipped the dentist in 2009, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Continue reading “Dealing with fear and anxiety” »


Dental extractions are among the easiest and best ways to get relief from a toothache.  As the name implies, an extraction involves removing the tooth.  If your pulp has died or the tooth has become severely infected, extraction may be your only route.  Depending on the tooth, the dentist can do either a simple extraction or a more complicated extraction.

Simple extractions

These types of extractions, the simple extractions, are the most common in the world of dentistry.  Simple extractions, also known as pulling, don’t take long to complete.  The dentist will numb you before he starts, so you won’t feel anything.  Depending on the tooth, pulling it will normally take just a few minutes after you have been numbed with local anesthesia.  Once completed, the dentist will place gauze in your mouth to bite on and you will be free to go.

Complex extractions

As we all know, not all teeth can be pulled.  Sometimes, the tooth will be so decayed or broken off that the dentist will have nothing to grasp above the gum line.  In cases such as this, the dentist will need to perform a more complicated extraction, which involves getting the tooth out below the gum line, as he won’t be able to use the standard method of pulling and rocking.

Dental extractions are very common, and happen on a daily basis for dentists.    All types of extractions, even the most complex, will take time to heal.  As long as you take care of your extraction site, you’ll avoid common pitfalls such as dry sockets and other mishaps.  Once the procedure is over – you’ll eventually start to feel a lot better once you have had the tooth or teeth removed.